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Avtarjeet singh dhanjal

The meaning of «avtarjeet singh dhanjal»

Avtarjeet Singh Dhanjal (born 10 April 1940) is an England-based sculptor of Indian origin.[1] As well as a multi-media artist of Indian origin whose work has been shown internationally over four decades, who is nourished by the tension between the cultures of East and West, occupies a singular place in contemporary sculpture.[2] Avtarjeet Dhanjal’s international reputation as an artist derives primarily from his work over many years, especially in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s, as a sculptor working in various mediums like wood, aluminium, stone, seeking out the relation to natural substances like weathered rocks and soil in his sculpture . His more recent work is focused on photography, installation and writing. After leaving Art School in 1970, he travelled extensively around East Africa gaining a teaching post with the Kenyatta University College in Nairobi, before giving this up to attend St Martin’s School of Art, London in 1974. Dhanjal seeks to produce art that enhances the quality of human life- in part by inviting silence, stillness and contemplation. He argues that, to be truly creative, the artist needs to disengage himself from the races of contemporary society and the art world itself, that the artist’s quest should be to escape from the crowd and become attuned to the inner silence.[3] Thus, Dhanjal's work draws heavily on his experience of Indian aesthetic traditions, blending them with the influence of European and specifically British modernist sculpture .

He was born on 10 April 1940 in a small village, Dalla, in Ludhiana, Punjab, India, to a craftsman, where folk arts, crafts and folk poetry were part of daily life without calling them “Art”.

After graduating high school in 1956, he worked as a carpenter, sign-writer, before joining the Arts School at Chandigarh. He got married at the age of eighteen and has three children. During his Art School years in Chandigarh, he produced figurative work in wood, clay, plaster, bronze and stone; abstract work in steel, aluminium and plywood. His first wood carvings were immediately (1966) purchased by the Chandigarh Museum[4] and encouraged him to venture into large works in various mediums.

Again in 1968 his large sculpture about space travel was revealed immediately after the launch of Apollo 8. This was also purchased by the Chandigarh Museum.

As an established artist, Dhanjal travelled to Africa in 1970 where, having visited much of the continent, he secured a teaching post at Kenyatta University College in Nairobi, Kenya. In 1974, he moved to Britain and studied postgraduate sculpture at Saint Martin's School of Art 1974–75 under William Tucker. There his experimental work in aluminium was noticed by Alcan Aluminium (UK) Ltd.

Striving to unite his interests in western modernism and eastern culture and philosophy; Dhanjal organized a Punjabi folk culture study trip in 1978 and a sculpture symposium in the Punjab in 1980. This resulted in a sculpture commission, an abstract work in stone and metal exploring the ground plan of an Indian Temple, a recurring theme in his later works. He realised the importance of village culture, and became very concerned about the pace at which the culture was disappearing. This experience also initiated a process of un-learning the Western idea of art and he began to develop his own conceptualization. During the 1980s Dhanjal received commissions for a number of major public art projects in Britain, India, Brazil and the US. At the beginning of 1990s, Dhanjal went to study temple sculpture and, in 1991, started a complex commission for the Cardiff Bay Development Trust, a sculptural interpretation of The I Ching, the Book of Changes.

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