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Boeing 737 max

The meaning of «boeing 737 max»

The Boeing 737 MAX is the fourth generation of the Boeing 737, a narrow-body airliner manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA), a division of American company Boeing. It succeeds the Boeing 737 Next Generation (NG) and competes with the Airbus A320neo family. The 737 MAX is based on earlier 737 designs, with more efficient CFM International LEAP-1B engines, aerodynamic changes, including its distinctive split-tip winglets, and airframe modifications. The new series was announced on August 30, 2011. It took its maiden flight on January 29, 2016 and was certified by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in March 2017. The first delivery was a MAX 8 in May 2017 to Malindo Air, with whom it commenced service on May 22, 2017.

The 737 MAX series has been offered in four variants, offering 138 to 204 seats in typical two-class configuration[6] and a 3,215 to 3,825 nmi (5,954 to 7,084 km) range. The 737 MAX 7, MAX 8 (including the denser, 200–seat MAX 200), and MAX 9 are intended to replace the 737-700, -800, and -900 respectively, and a further-stretched 737 MAX 10 is available. As of November 2020, the Boeing 737 MAX had a backlog of 3,290 units.[7]

The 737 MAX suffered a recurring failure in the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS) causing two fatal accidents, Lion Air Flight 610 and Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302, in which a total of 346 people died.[8] It was subsequently grounded worldwide from March 2019 to November 2020. Investigations faulted a cover-up of a known defect by Boeing, and lapses in the certification by the FAA.[9][10] After being charged with fraud, Boeing settled to pay over $2.5 billion in penalties and compensation. On November 18, 2020, the FAA cleared the MAX to resume service, subject to a list of mandated design and training changes. Transport Canada and EASA both cleared the MAX in late January 2021, subject to additional requirements. In China, where the MAX was first grounded, the MAX has yet to resume service.[11] In India, aviation regulator Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) permitted the MAX to restart operations in August. Boeing produced over 450 MAX aircraft awaiting delivery by January 2020, about half of which are expected to be delivered in 2021, and the majority of the remainder in 2022.

In 2006, Boeing started considering the replacement of the 737 with a "clean-sheet" design that could follow the Boeing 787 Dreamliner.[12] In June 2010, a decision on this replacement was postponed into 2011.[13]

On December 1, 2010, Boeing's competitor, Airbus, launched the Airbus A320neo family to improve fuel burn and operating efficiency with new engines: the CFM International LEAP and the Pratt & Whitney PW1000G.[14] In February 2011, Boeing's CEO Jim McNerney maintained "We're going to do a new airplane."[15] In March 2011, BCA President James Albaugh told participants of a trade meeting the company was not sure about a 737 re-engine, like Boeing CFO James A. Bell stated at an investor conference the same month.[16] The Airbus A320neo gathered 667 commitments at the June, 2011 Paris Air Show for a backlog of 1,029 units since its launch, setting an order record for a new commercial airliner.[17]

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