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Chapacuran languages

The meaning of «chapacuran languages»

The Chapacuran languages are a nearly extinct Native American language family of South America. There are three living Chapacuran languages which are spoken in Rondônia in the southern Amazon Basin of Brazil and in northern Bolivia.

Almost all Chapacuran languages are extinct, and the four that are extant are moribund.

Kaufman (1990) claims that the Chapacuran languages are related to the extinct Wamo language.

List of Chapacuran languages from Angenot (1997):[1]

Birchall et al. (2013) classify the dozen known Chapacuran languages as follows:[2]

All languages are rather closely related.

Extinct languages for which Loukotka says 'nothing' is known, but which may have been Chapacuran, include Cujuna, Mataua, Urunumaca, and Herisobocono. Similarities with Mure appear to be loans.[3]

Birchall, Dunn & Greenhill (2016) give the following phylogenetic tree of Chapacuran, based on a computational phylogenetic analysis.[4]

Jolkesky (2016) notes that there are lexical similarities with the Irantxe, Puinave-Kak, and Arawa language families due to contact.[5]

Below is a full list of Chapacuran language varieties listed by Loukotka (1968), including names of unattested varieties.[6]

Loukotka (1968) lists the following basic vocabulary items for the Chapacuran languages.[6]

Below are Proto-Chapacuran (Proto-Chapakura) reconstructions from the Diachronic Atlas of Comparative Linguistics (DiACL) online,[7] cited from Angenot de Lima (1997).[8] English glosses are from DiACL, and the original Portuguese glosses are from Angenot de Lima (1997). For the full list of original Portuguese glosses, see the corresponding Portuguese article.

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