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Dnipro

The meaning of «dnipro»

Dnipro (Ukrainian: Дніпро [d(j)n(j)iˈprɔ] (listen); previously called Dnipropetrovsk (Ukrainian: Дніпропетро́вськ [ˌd(j)n(j)ipropeˈtrɔu̯sʲk]; Russian: Днепропетро́вск, romanized: Dniepropetrovsk [dʲnʲɪprəpʲɪˈtrofsk]) from 1926 until May 2016, is Ukraine's fourth-largest city, with about one million inhabitants.[3][4][5][6] It is located in the eastern part of Ukraine, 391 kilometres (243 mi)[7] southeast of the Ukrainian capital Kyiv on the Dnieper River, after which it is named. Dnipro is the administrative centre of the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast. It hosts the administration of Dnipro urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[8]It has a population of 980,948 (2021 est.).[9]

Archeological findings suggest that the first fortified town in the territory of present-day Dnipro probably dates to the mid-16th century.[1] Other findings suggest that the town Samar, now a neighborhood in Dnipro's Samarskyi District, existed in the 1520s.[10][11]

Known as Yekaterinoslav (Ekaterinoslav) (Russian: Екатериносла́в, romanized: Yekaterinoslav [jɪkətʲɪrʲɪnɐˈsɫaf]; Ukrainian: Катериносла́в, romanized: Katerynoslav [kɐtɛrɪnoˈslɑu̯]) until 1925, the city was formally inaugurated by the Russian Empress Catherine the Great (Russian: Екатери́на, romanized: Jekaterina - hence its then name) in 1787 as the administrative centre of the newly acquired vast territories of imperial New Russia, including those ceded to Russia by the Ottoman Empire under the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca (1774). Grigory Potemkin originally envisioned the city as the Russian Empire's third capital city,[12] after Moscow and Saint Petersburg. Renamed Dnepropetrovsk in 1926, it became a vital industrial centre of Soviet Ukraine, one of the key centres of the nuclear, arms, and space industries of the Soviet Union. In particular, it is home to the Yuzhmash, a major space and ballistic-missile design bureau and manufacturer. Because of its military industry, it functioned as a closed city[nb 1] until the 1990s. On 19 May 2016, Ukraine's Verkhovna Rada changed the official name of the city from Dnipropetrovsk to Dnipro.[13]

Dnipro is a powerhouse of Ukraine's business and politics and is the native city of many of the country's most important figures. Much of Ukrainian politics continues to be defined by the legacies of Leonid Kuchma and Yulia Tymoshenko, whose intermingled political careers started in Dnipropetrovsk.

Over time, Dnipro has been known by a number of names:

The spelling Catharinoslav was found on some maps of the nineteenth century.[15]

In some Anglophone media the city was also known as the Rocket City.[16]

In 1918, the Central Council of Ukraine proposed to change the name of the city to Sicheslav; however, this was never finalised.[17]

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