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Fgfr1op2

The meaning of «fgfr1op2»

Fibroblast growth factor receptor oncogene partner 2 (FGFR1OP2) was identified in a study on myeloproliferative syndrome (EMS). The study aimed to identify the partner genes to the fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) involved in the syndrome. Using the 5'-RACE PCR technique, FGFR1OP2 was identified as a novel gene with no known function.[1]

FGFR1OP2, when fused with the fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1), is shown to cause myeloproliferative syndrome.[1] The protein encoded by the FGFR1 gene belongs to the fibroblast growth factor receptor family.[2] FGFRs usually contain an extracellular ligand binding domain, a single transmembrane domain, and an intracellular tyrosine kinase domain. The extracellular domain specifies which ligand the receptor will bind to and mediates ligand-induced receptor dimerization.[3] When FGFR1OP2 is fused to FGFR1, it may exhibit constitutive kinase activity.[4] Furthermore, FGFR1OP2 is possibly involved in some steps of the wound healing pathway.[5]

The following tables compare the Homo sapiens FGFR1OP2 gene and protein to orthologs. In both of the following tables, the divergence from the Homo sapiens FGFR1OP2 gene or protein to the ortholog was found using TimeTree.[6] Ortholog mRNA and protein sequences were found using NCBI's BLAST [7] and UCSC's BLAT Tool.[8] The accession numbers, as well as the sequence length and the sequence similarity were compiled using BLAST.[7]

The mRNA orthologs sequence similarity to Homo sapiens FGFR1OP2 was graphed as a function of time in order to show how the FGFR1OP2 gene has changed over time. The graph is depicted on the right.

The table below shows the protein orthologs to the Homo sapiens FGFR1OP2 protein. FGFR1OP2 is conserved in all clades of the animal kingdom, as seen in the table below.

There are three transcript variants for the FGFR1OP2 gene, with the first being the longest.[9] FGFR1OP2 is also known as HSPC123-like protein (HSPC123L) and wound inducible transcript 3.0 (wit3.0).[9]

The Homo sapiens FGFR1OP2 gene is located on chromosome 12, with its specific locus being 12p11.23.[9] The Homo sapiens asunder spermatogenesis regulator (ASUN) gene (NCBI Reference Sequence NM_018164.2) is located directly upstream from FGFR1OP2.[11] The ASUN gene is a regulator of development and the mitotic cell cycle.[12] The Homo sapiens transmembrane 7 superfamily member 3 (TM7SF3) gene is located slightly downstream from FGFR1OP2.[13]

There are three isoforms of the FGFR1OP2 protein. Transcript variant 1 consists of 253 amino acids and weighs 29.4 kilodaltons.[9] FGFR1OP2's isoelectric point is 5.61.[14] The FGFR1OP2 protein does not have a signal sequences, and therefore is not secreted.[15]

FGFR1OP2 has a domain of unknown function, designated DUF837.[9]

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