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Hong kong international airport master plan 2030

The meaning of «hong kong international airport master plan 2030»

Hong Kong International Airport (“HKIA”), is connected to about 180 destinations, through over 1,000 daily flights by more than 100 airlines.[1] In order to meet future demand until 2030 and beyond, the Airport Authority Hong Kong (“AAHK”) proposed the expansion of HKIA into a three-runway system (“3RS”) to support the two currently operated runways, through the introduction of Master Plan 2030 (“MP 2030”) in 2011. Facing a projected increase in air traffic, the Airport Authority Hong Kong promulgated the Hong Kong International Airport Master Plan 2030 on 2 June 2011.[2] Its main project aimed at expanding the current airport infrastructure to a Third-Runway System to maintain the position of Hong Kong International Airport as a leading international and regional aviation hub.[3]

The three-runway project involves seven core projects, namely:

The development of the 3RS include different stages of planning, approval and implementation.[8] Research was done by AAHK from 2008 to 2010, where the MP 2030 was compiled and eventually published by the AAHK in June 2011.[9] The MP 2030 outlined the two-runway system and 3RS as options for future development, compared the two in terms of air connectivity, economic benefits, construction cost, funding and environmental issues,[7] and concluded that only 3RS can fully meet Hong Kong's long-term needs.[7]

A three-month public consultation exercise was then conducted, with the findings compiled by the University of Hong Kong's Social Sciences Research Centre being announced in December 2011. In short, the majority of the respondents see highly of the HKIA. 73% of the respondents preferred expanding into a 3RS,[10] and 83% agreed that HKIA should continue to be expanded to cope with the future air traffic demand.[10] However, less than half of the respondents preferred 3RS after considering the environmental impact and construction cost in isolation.[10] This consultation was condemned by Friends of the Earth and Airport Development Concern Network as being unfair and “fake” respectively.[11]

In March 2012, the Executive Council (“ExCo”), in-principle and for planning purposes, approved the AAHK to adopt the 3RS as the future development direction for HKIA.[12] Subsequently, the AAHK commenced the Environmental Impact Assessment (“EIA”) studies which analysed the potential environmental impact of the project across 12 aspects such as noise and fisheries.[13]

An exhibition and public forums were held in 2013,[9] and the EIA report was submitted to the Environmental Protection Department for consideration in April 2014.[9] The report was then available for a one-month public inspection,[14] and was subsequently approved with the Environmental Permit granted by the Director of Environmental Protection on 7 November 2014.[13] This was highly criticised by environmental groups such as Friends of the Earth for neglecting public and expert opinions.[15]

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