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Kwame nkrumah

The meaning of «kwame nkrumah»

Kwame Nkrumah PC (21 September 1909[1][a] – 27 April 1972) was a Ghanaian politician and revolutionary. He was the first Prime Minister and President of Ghana, having led the Gold Coast to independence from Britain in 1957.[2] An influential advocate of Pan-Africanism, Nkrumah was a founding member of the Organization of African Unity and winner of the Lenin Peace Prize from the Soviet Union in 1962.[3]

After twelve years abroad pursuing higher education, developing his political philosophy, and organizing with other diasporic pan-Africanists, Nkrumah returned to the Gold Coast to begin his political career as an advocate of national independence.[4] He formed the Convention People's Party, which achieved rapid success through its unprecedented appeal to the common voter.[5] He became Prime Minister in 1952 and retained the position when Ghana declared independence from Britain in 1957. In 1960, Ghanaians approved a new constitution and elected Nkrumah President.[6]

His administration was primarily socialist as well as nationalist. It funded national industrial and energy projects, developed a strong national education system and promoted a pan-Africanist culture.[7] Under Nkrumah, Ghana played a leading role in African international relations during the decolonization period.[8]

In 1964, a constitutional amendment made Ghana a one-party state, with Nkrumah as president for life of both the nation and its party.[9] Nkrumah was deposed in 1966 by the National Liberation Council which under the supervision of international financial institutions privatized many of the country's state corporations.[10] Nkrumah lived the rest of his life in Guinea, of which he was named honorary co-president.[11][8][12]

Kwame Nkrumah was born on 21 September 1909[13] in Nkroful, Gold Coast (now in Ghana[14]) to a poor and illiterate family.[15] Nkroful was a small village in the Nzema area,[16] in the far southwest of the Gold Coast, close to the frontier with the French colony of the Ivory Coast. His father did not live with the family, but worked in Half Assini where he pursued his goldsmith business until his death. Kwame Nkrumah was raised by his mother and his extended family, who lived together traditionally, with more distant relatives often visiting.[17] He lived a carefree childhood, spent in the village, in the bush, and on the nearby sea.[18] By the naming customs of the Akan people, he was given the name Kwame, the name given to males born on a Saturday. During his years as a student in the United States, though, he was known as Francis Nwia Kofi Nkrumah, Kofi being the name given to males born on Friday.[19] He later changed his name to Kwame Nkrumah in 1945 in the UK, preferring the name "Kwame".[20][21] According to Ebenezer Obiri Addo in his study of the future president, the name "Nkrumah", a name traditionally given to a ninth child, indicates that Kwame likely held that place in the house of his father, who had several wives.[22]

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