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The meaning of «luciferianism»

Luciferianism is a belief system that venerates the essential characteristics that are affixed to Lucifer, the name of various mythological and religious figures associated with the planet Venus. The tradition, influenced by Gnosticism,[citation needed] usually reveres Lucifer not as the devil, but as a destroyer, a guardian, liberator,[1] light bringer or guiding spirit to darkness,[2] or even the true god as opposed to Jehovah.[1]

Lucifer is the King James Version rendering of the Hebrew word הֵילֵל in Isaiah 14:12. This word, transliterated hêlêl[3] or heylel,[4] occurs once in the Hebrew Bible[3] and according to the KJV-based Strong's Concordance means "shining one, light-bearer".[4] The Septuagint renders הֵילֵל in Greek as ἑωσφόρος[5][6][7][8][9] (heōsphoros),[10][11][12] a name, literally "bringer of dawn", for the morning star.[13] The word Lucifer is taken from the Latin Vulgate,[14] which translates הֵילֵל as lucifer,[15][16] meaning "the morning star, the planet Venus", or, as an adjective, "light-bringing".[17]

Later Christian tradition came to use the Latin word for "morning star", lucifer, as a proper name ("Lucifer") for the Devil; as he was before his fall.[18] As a result, "'Lucifer' has become a by-word for Satan or the Devil in the church and in popular literature",[14] as in Dante Alighieri's Inferno, Joost van den Vondel's Lucifer and John Milton's Paradise Lost.[12] However, the Latin word never came to be used almost exclusively, as in English, in this way, and was applied to others also, including Jesus.[19] The image of a morning star fallen from the sky is generally believed among scholars to have a parallel in Canaanite mythology.[20]

However, according to both Christian[21] and Jewish exegesis, in Chapter 14 of the Book of Isaiah, the King of Babylon (Nebuchadnezzar II), conqueror of Jerusalem, is condemned in a prophetic vision by the prophet Isaiah and is called the "Morning Star" (planet Venus).[22][23] In this chapter the Hebrew text says הֵילֵל בֶּן-שָׁחַר (Helel ben Shachar, "shining one, son of dawn").[23] Helel ben Shahar may refer to the Morning Star, but the text in Isaiah 14 gives no indication that Helel was a star or planet.[24][25]

Though associated with Satanism, a philosophy based on the Christian interpretation of the fallen angel, Luciferianism differs in that it does not revere merely the devil figure or Satan but the broader figure of Lucifer, an entity representing various interpretations of "the morning star" as understood by ancient cultures such as the Greeks and Egyptians.[26] In this context, Lucifer is a symbol of enlightenment,[27] independence, and human progression and is often used interchangeably with similar figures from ancient beliefs, such as the Greek titan Prometheus or the Jewish Talmudic figure Lilith.

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