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The meaning of «qrpedia»

QRpedia is a mobile Web-based system which uses QR codes to deliver Wikipedia articles to users, in their preferred language.[1][2][3] A typical use is on museum labels, linking to Wikipedia articles about the exhibited object. QR codes can easily be generated to link directly to any Uniform Resource Identifier (URI), but the QRpedia system adds further functionality. It is owned and operated by a subsidiary of Wikimedia UK (WMUK).

QRpedia was conceived by Roger Bamkin, a Wikipedia volunteer, coded by Terence Eden, and unveiled in April 2011. It is in use at museums and other institutions in countries including Australia, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, North Macedonia, Spain, India, the United Kingdom, Germany, Ukraine[4] and the United States. The project's source code is freely reusable under the MIT License.

When a user scans a QRpedia QR code on their mobile device, the device decodes the QR code into a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) using the domain name "languagecode.qrwp.org" and whose path (final part) is the title of a Wikipedia article, and sends a request for the article specified in the URL to the QRpedia web server. It also transmits the language setting of the device.[5]

The QRpedia server then uses Wikipedia's API[1] to determine whether there is a version of the specified Wikipedia article in the language used by the device, and if so, returns it in a mobile-friendly format.[5] If there is no version of the article available in the preferred language, then the QRpedia server offers a choice of the available languages, or a Google translation.

In this way, one QRcode can deliver the same article in many languages,[5] even when the museum is unable to make its own translations. QRpedia also records usage statistics.[5][6]

QRpedia was conceived by Roger Bamkin,[1][7] a Wikipedia volunteer, and Terence Eden,[1] a mobile web consultant,[8] and was unveiled on 9 April 2011[1][9] at Derby Museum and Art Gallery's Backstage Pass event,[1][8] part of the "GLAM/Derby" collaboration between the museum and Wikipedia,[10] during which over 1,200 Wikipedia articles, in several languages, were also created.[11] The project's name is a portmanteau word, combining the initials "QR" from "QR (Quick Response) code" and "pedia" from "Wikipedia".[12]

The project's source code is freely reusable under the MIT License.[13]

Derby Museum's label for the painting "A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrery" features a QRpedia code linking to the Wikipedia article about it which, as of February 2012, was available in 19 languages.

A label in The Children's Museum of Indianapolis that uses a QRpedia code to direct visitors to the Wikipedia article "Broad Ripple Park Carousel"

Ceramic plaque with QRpedia code for Shire Hall, as part of the MonmouthpediA project.

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