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Vlc media player

The meaning of «vlc media player»

VLC media player (previously the VideoLAN Client and commonly known as simply VLC) is a free and open-source portable cross-platform media player software and streaming media server developed by the VideoLAN project. VLC is available for desktop operating systems and mobile platforms, such as Android, iOS, iPadOS, Tizen, Windows 10 Mobile and Windows Phone. VLC is also available on digital distribution platforms such as Apple's App Store, Google Play and Microsoft Store.

VLC supports many audio and video compression methods and file formats, including DVD-Video, video CD and streaming protocols. It is able to stream media over computer networks and to transcode multimedia files.[17]

The default distribution of VLC includes many free decoding and encoding libraries, avoiding the need for finding/calibrating proprietary plugins. The libavcodec library from the FFmpeg project provides many of VLC's codecs, but the player mainly[18] uses its own muxers and demuxers. It also has its own protocol implementations. It also gained distinction as the first player to support playback of encrypted DVDs on Linux and macOS by using the libdvdcss DVD decryption library, however this library is legally controversial and is not included in many software repositories of Linux distributions as a result.[19][20]

The VideoLan software originated as an academic project in 1996. VLC used to stand for "VideoLAN Client" when VLC was a client of the VideoLAN project. Since VLC is no longer merely a client, that initialism no longer applies.[21][22] It was intended to consist of a client and server to stream videos from satellite dishes across a campus network. Originally developed by students at the École Centrale Paris, it is now developed by contributors worldwide and is coordinated by VideoLAN, a non-profit organization. Rewritten from scratch in 1998, it was released under GNU General Public License on February 1, 2001, with authorization from the headmaster of the École Centrale Paris. The functionality of the server program, VideoLan Server (VLS), has mostly been subsumed into VLC and has been deprecated.[23] The project name has been changed to VLC media player because there is no longer a client/server infrastructure. The cone icon used in VLC is a reference to the traffic cones collected by École Centrale's Networking Students' Association.[24] The cone icon design was changed from a hand drawn low resolution icon[25] to a higher resolution CGI-rendered version in 2006, illustrated by Richard Øiestad.[26]

In 2007 the VLC project decided, for license compatibility reasons, not to upgrade to just released GPLv3.[27] After 13 years of development, version 1.0.0 of VLC media player was released on July 7, 2009.[28] Work began on VLC for Android in 2010 and it has been available for Android devices on the Google Play store since 2011.[29][30] In September 2010, a company named "Applidium" developed a VLC port for iOS under GPLv2 with the endorsement of the VLC project, which was accepted by Apple for their App Store.[31][32] In January 2011, after VLC developer Rémi Denis-Courmont's complaint to Apple about the licensing conflict between the VLC's GPLv2 and the App store's policies,[33] the VLC had been withdrawn from the Apple App Store by Apple.[34] Subsequently, in October 2011 the VLC authors began to relicense the engine parts of VLC from the GPLv2 to the LGPLv2 to achieve better license compatibility, for instance with the Apple App Store.[35][36][37][38] In July 2013 the VLC application could be resubmitted to the iOS App Store under the Mozilla Public License.[39] Version 2.0.0 of VLC media player was released on February 18, 2012.[15][40] The version for the Windows Store was released on March 13, 2014. Support for Windows RT, Windows Phone and Xbox One were added later.[41] As of 2016[update] VLC is the third in the sourceforge.net overall download count,[42] and there have been more than 3 billion downloads.[43]

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