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Vladimir lenin monument, kiev

The meaning of «vladimir lenin monument, kiev»

The Vladimir Lenin monument in Kiev was a statue dedicated to Vladimir Lenin, the founder of the Soviet Union in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. The larger than life-size (3.45 meters [11.32 feet]) Lenin monument was built by Soviet sculptor Sergey Merkurov from the same red Karelian stone as Lenin's Mausoleum. It was displayed at the 1939 New York World's Fair and erected on Kiev's main Khreshchatyk Street (at the intersection of Shevchenko Boulevard, opposite the Bessarabsky Market) on 5 December 1946.

The statue was violently toppled from its pedestal and crushed by an angry mob on December 8, 2013, as part of the Euromaidan events, when many other Soviet statues were toppled. The plinth remains in place,[1] and has become at times a site of political artwork, and arguments.[2] Since 2016 various sculptures or installations have been exhibitioned in front of the plinth.[1]

Since 2015 (all) monuments connected with communist themes and/or persons are illegal in Ukraine.[3]

According to the decree of the former President of Ukraine, Viktor Yushchenko, this monument of the Soviet Union and the associated Communist period should have been removed after Ukraine gained independence.[4] Nevertheless, due to the resistance of the Communist Party of Ukraine, whose members were elected to Verhovna Rada, the last Kiev monument to Lenin was left standing.

Since the fall of Soviet rule, the monument survived numerous vandalizing attempts which led to both increased policing of the area and frequent vigilance by Communist activists.

On December 1, 2013 a group of masked men attempted to topple the statue during the surge of the Euromaidan protests. Police immediately reacted by deploying a small Berkut riot police unit which was attacked, overwhelmed and forced to flee. Euromaidan leaders immediately denounced both the monument attempt and the clash with police as an action of unaffiliated "provocateurs".

Subsequently, on December 8, 2013, several Ukrainian individuals subsequently claimed to be affiliated with the Svoboda political party[5] toppled the statue, as Kiev police silently looked on. The statue then broke from impact with the ground.[6]

After the fall of the Lenin statue the crowd began to sing the national anthem of Ukraine. Later, pieces of the monument were picked up by protesters as souvenirs.[7][8]

The removal or destruction of Lenin monuments and statues gained particular momentum after the destruction of the Kiev Lenin statue. Under the motto "Ленінопад" (Leninopad, translated into English as "Leninfall"), activists pulled down a dozen communist monuments in the Kyiv region, Zhytomyr, Khmelnytskyi, and elsewhere, or damaged them during the course of the EuroMaidan protests into spring of 2014.[9] In other cities and towns, monuments were removed by organised heavy equipment and transported to scrapyards or dumps.[10][11]

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