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Vladivostok international airport

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Vladivostok International Airport (Russian: Международный аэропорт "Владивосток" Mezhdunarodnyi aeroport Vladivostok) (IATA: VVO, ICAO: UHWW) is an international airport located near Artyom, Primorsky Krai, Russia, roughly an hour's drive (44 kilometres (27 mi)) north of the center of the city of Vladivostok. It was formerly known as Knevichi Airport, named after the village of Knevichi.

The Vladivostok Airport was constructed in 1931 near the town of Artyom. Commercial flights began in the summer of 1932. In the decade after World War II, Po-2 and W-2 planes were widely used in air-chemical works and coastal exploration for fish in the service of geologists and forest patrols. Passenger flights on the Moscow - Vladivostok route began in 1948 using Ilyushin Il-12s.

From 1959 to 1964, a complex of ground facilities was built to allow regular flights with larger planes after the closure of the Vtoraya Rechka Airport, encroached by the growing city.

Domestic Terminal B of the Vladivostok airport underwent complete renovation during 2005–2006, which transformed it into one of the most comfortable and up-to-date airport terminals in Russia. The renovated terminal was re-opened on December 19, 2006.

The federal and regional governments announced plans to rebuild Vladivostok International Airport prior to the APEC Russia 2012 Summit on Russky Island, south of Vladivostok. A new terminal (Terminal A) was built in 2012, at a cost of 7 billion RUB. The capacity of this new terminal building is 3.5 million passengers per year.[2] Runway 07R/25L was also reconstructed and lengthened, to 3,500 metres (11,500 ft), and this new runway is capable of accommodating every type of aircraft.[3]

The Terminal B has since closed and converted to an exhibition center.

The airport consists of two passenger terminals: the old Domestic Terminal B and the new International Terminal A. It has two associated airfields, Lake Springs and Knevichi.

The Lake Springs airfield (approximately 2 miles south-west of the main terminal) was designed for aircraft operating on regional routes. It has two hard-surface runways 21 metres (69 ft) wide each. One is 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) in length and the second is 600 metres (2,000 ft). Currently, it is not used for regularly scheduled flights, and local aviation operates from there, instead.

The Knevichi airfield was designed for all types of aircraft and has two hard surface runways. Each runway is 3,500 metres (11,500 ft) in length and 60 metres (200 ft) in width.[3]

Between 2012 and 2015, Aeroexpress used to go between Vladivostok Railway Station to Knevichi Airport. This was done for APEC Summit. However, even before the crisis that has occurred since 2014, the Aeroexpress did not bring enough demand, due to a high cost of the ride. In 2015, Aeroexpress shut down its service to the airport, with replacement of the new rail-express service "Express Primorya", with lower service frequency, to save the demand and comfort for passengers travelling to city center.

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