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World war ii in yugoslavia

The meaning of «world war ii in yugoslavia»

a .mw-parser-output .citation{word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}^ Axis puppet regime established on occupied Yugoslav territory b ^ Initially a resistance movement. Engaged in collaboration with Axis forces from mid-1942 onward, lost official Allied support in 1943.[21][22][23] Full names: initially "Chetnik Detachments of the Yugoslav Army", then "Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland". c ^ Casualties in the Balkan area, including Greece, from April 1941 to January 1945

World War II in Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian: Drugi svjetski rat u Jugoslaviji / Други светски рат у Југославији; Slovene: Druga svetovna vojna v Jugoslaviji; Macedonian: Втора светска војна во Југославија) refers to World War II military operations that occurred on the territory of the then-Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Conflict in Yugoslavia began on 6 April 1941, when the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was swiftly conquered by Axis forces and partitioned between Germany, Italy, Hungary, Bulgaria and their client regimes. Shortly after Germany attacked the USSR on 22 June 1941,[24] the communist-led republican Yugoslav Partisans, on orders from Moscow,[24] launched a guerrilla liberation war fighting against the Axis forces and their locally established puppet regimes, including the Axis-allied Independent State of Croatia (NDH) and the Government of National Salvation in the German-occupied territory of Serbia. This was dubbed the National Liberation War and Socialist Revolution (Serbo-Croatian: Narodnooslobodilački rat i socijalistička revolucija / Народноослободилачки рат и социјалистичка револуција; Slovene: Ljudsko osvobodilna vojna in socialistična revolucija; Macedonian: Народноослободителната војна и Социјалистичка револуција) in post-war Yugoslav historiography. Simultaneously, a multi-side civil war was waged between the Yugoslav communist Partisans, the Serbian royalist Chetniks, the Axis-allied Croatian Ustashas and Home Guard, Serbian Volunteer Corps and State Guard, Slovene Home Guard, as well as Nazi-allied Russian Protective Corps troops.[25]

Both the Yugoslav Partisans and the Chetnik movement initially resisted the Axis rule. However, after 1941, Chetniks extensively and systematically collaborated with the Italian occupation forces until the Italian capitulation, and thereon also with German and Ustasha forces.[25][26] The Axis mounted a series of offensives intended to destroy the Partisans, coming close to doing so in the Battles of Neretva and Sutjeska in the spring and summer of 1943.

Despite the setbacks, the Partisans remained a credible fighting force, with their organisation gaining recognition from the Western Allies at the Tehran Conference and laying the foundations for the post-war Yugoslav state. With support in logistics and air power from the Western Allies, and Soviet ground troops in the Belgrade offensive, the Partisans eventually gained control of the entire country and of the border regions of Trieste and Carinthia.

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