Home »

Wright brothers

The meaning of «wright brothers»

     Orville WrightBorn(1871-08-19)August 19, 1871Dayton, OhioDiedJanuary 30, 1948(1948-01-30) (aged 76)Dayton, OhioCause of deathHeart attack[1]Education3 years high schoolOccupationPrinter/publisher, bicycle retailer / manufacturer, airplane inventor / manufacturer, pilot trainer Wilbur WrightBorn(1867-04-16)April 16, 1867Millville, IndianaDiedMay 30, 1912(1912-05-30) (aged 45)Dayton, OhioCause of deathTyphoid fever[2]Education4 years high schoolOccupationEditor, bicycle retailer / manufacturer, airplane inventor / manufacturer, pilot trainer

The Wright brothersOrville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912) – were two American aviation pioneers generally credited[3][4][5] with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful motor-operated airplane. They made the first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft with the Wright Flyer on December 17, 1903, 4 mi (6 km) south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The brothers were also the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible.

In 1904–1905, the Wright brothers developed their flying machine to make longer-running and more aerodynamic flights with the Wright Flyer II, followed by the first truly practical fixed-wing aircraft, the Wright Flyer III. The brothers' breakthrough was their creation of a three-axis control system, which enabled the pilot to steer the aircraft effectively and to maintain its equilibrium.[6][7][8][9] This method remains standard on fixed-wing aircraft of all kinds.[10][11](p183) From the beginning of their aeronautical work, Wilbur and Orville focused on developing a reliable method of pilot control as the key to solving "the flying problem". This approach differed significantly from other experimenters of the time who put more emphasis on developing powerful engines.[12] Using a small home-built wind tunnel, the Wrights also collected more accurate data than any before, enabling them to design more efficient wings and propellers.[11](p156)[13](p228) Their first U.S. patent did not claim invention of a flying machine, but rather a system of aerodynamic control that manipulated a flying machine's surfaces.[14]

The brothers gained the mechanical skills essential to their success by working for years in their Dayton, Ohio-based shop with printing presses, bicycles, motors, and other machinery. Their work with bicycles, in particular, influenced their belief that an unstable vehicle such as a flying machine could be controlled and balanced with practice.[13](p169) From 1900 until their first powered flights in late 1903, they conducted extensive glider tests that also developed their skills as pilots. Their shop employee Charlie Taylor became an important part of the team, building their first airplane engine in close collaboration with the brothers.

Related Searches

Wright Brothers National MemorialWright brothers patent warWright Brothers Memorial Trophy
Wright Brothers MedalWright Brothers BandWright Brothers flights of 1909
Ingenuity (helicopter)Wright Brothers Park (Montgomery, Alabama)Awards and decorations of the Civil Air Patrol
© 2015-2021, Wikiwordbook.info
Copying information without reference to the source is prohibited!
contact us mobile version