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The meaning of «zbd-04»

The ZBD-04 or Type 04 (industrial designation WZ502)[3][4] is a Chinese infantry fighting vehicle. It bears some external resemblance to the BMP-3, particularly with regards to its turret and main armament; however, the chassis and internal subsystem possesses a different layout. The earliest prototypes received the designation ZBD-97.[5] An improved version, ZBD-04A, is the vehicle currently in service and being produced.[6]

The ZBD-97/ZBD-04 was designed as the successor to the ZBD-86 and has been in service with the People's Liberation Army ground forces since 1999, in the armored units of the Guangzhou and Nanjing military regions. Besides the infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) variant, an armored recovery vehicle (ARV) variant is also available. A further improved variant is known as the ZBD-04A.[7]

In 1996, China imported the technologies of BMP-3 turret and weapon systems with license from Russia. After testing, Chinese military decided to fit the imported weapon systems with indigenously-developed turret and chassis. The night vision system with IR search light of the BMP-3 was deemed outdated, and was replaced by a day/night thermal sight. ZBD-04 features a fully welded turret and frontal engine compartment for more effective troop dismount operation, whereas BMP-3 has the engine situated at the rear.[8][9]

The ZBD-04 has a crew of three (a commander, a driver, and a gunner) and is able to carry seven troops. The commander and gunner are seated in the two-man turret located in the middle, and the driver with one passenger is located in tandem to the left of the power compartment, located at the front right. Six infantrymen are located in the troop compartment at the rear.

There are firing ports in the left, right, and exit door that allow infantrymen to fire assault rifles or light machine guns from inside the vehicle, even on the move. The vehicle is amphibious, featuring two water jets.[10]

The main armament of the ZBD-04 is a two plane stabilised, semi-automatic 100mm rifled gun, capable of firing both HE-FRAG rounds and the 3UBK10 ATGM. Effective range of the HE-FRAG round is estimated to be 4,000m, with a rate of fire of 10 rounds/minute. The 3UBK10 ATGM consists of a laser beamriding missile and a container case. As well as engaging armoured vehicles and fortifications, the missile could also engage low-flying helicopters. The missile has a maximum range of 4,000m, and can penetrate 600mm of armour. The system can store a total of 30 100mm rounds or missiles inside the turret.

The ZBD-04 also has a coaxial ZPT99 30mm automatic cannon, with 500 rounds. The cannon can fire both armour-piercing (AP) and HE-FRAG rounds. Rate of fire is 300 rounds/min and range is 1,500 to 2,000m. The ZBD-04 also has a Type 86 7.62mm coaxial machine gun located to the left of the main gun. It can also be equipped with four HJ-8 wire-guided anti-tank missiles on both sides of the turret. On ZBD-04A, the main armaments layout is kept largely the same.[11]

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